Thursday, October 24, 2013

College Football: Navy/Terps Face Tough Draws, Irish Travel to Air Force

Maryland looks to upend Clemson this weekend (Photo /

Despite dimming significantly from a 4-0 start, the Maryland Terrapins' season still retains some of if its initial potential. Out of the gate at 5-2, the team sandwiched an important conference win over Virginia (2-5) in between disappointing losses to Florida State (6-0) and Wake Forest (4-3).

The Terps face another stiff test this weekend when they travel to face Clemson (6-1). Clemson dropped a 51-14 decision to Florida State last weekend in a battle between ACC unbeatens. The Tigers are considered roughly two touchdown favorites going into the game.  
Like Maryland, Navy has struggled after early season success. The Mids stand at 3-3 through six games, after starting the season at 2-0. Importantly, one of the three victories came against Air Force (1-6), which keeps them on track for a shot at the Commander-in-Chief's trophy as the best of the service academy teams.

Keenan Reynolds has been exceptional in running the triple option. The sophomore signal caller from Antioch, Tennessee leads the team in both rushing and passing. He has rushed for ten touchdowns and thrown for three more while totaling over 1,000 combined yards on offense. The Mids host Pittsburgh (4-2) this weekend in Annapolis.
Notre Dame (5-2) held off a good USC (4-3) team last weekend in South Bend to keep on an outside track for a quality bowl game. The Irish will face Air Force at Colorado Springs on Saturday. Last year the Irish went 12-0 in the regular season to gain entry in the National Championship Game before bowing to Alabama.

Tuesday, October 22, 2013

Books: Muhammad Ali's Greatest Fight

(Photo / M. Evans)

Muhammad Ali’s Greatest Fight: Cassius Clay vs. The United States of America by Howard L. Bingham and Max Wallace largely focuses on the greatest heavyweight boxer in history’s impact outside of the ring. Originally published in 2000, the paperback version released this year corresponds to the airing of the recent HBO movie of the same name. 

Bingham is a long-time friend of Ali’s and his previous work includes a photographic history of the boxer. In this book, Bingham and Wallace take on the formidable task of assessing the facets of Ali’s resistance as a conscientious objector to induction into the US Army during the Vietnam War.

The timing of Ali's ascent as a boxer closely corresponded to the rise of the Civil Rights Movement in the United States in the early 1960's. Born as Cassius Clay in Louisville, the outspoken fighter first made known his membership in the Nation of Islam (which ultimately led to his conscientious objector appeal) in 1961.

The Nation of Islam's founding is attributed to W.D Fard, who tirelessly preached its doctrine during the Depression. Through his street corner platform he found an apt pupil in Elijah Poole, who later assumed the name Elijah Muhammad and greatly grew the Nation’s following through the strength of his convictions and personality. 

It is at the crossroads of the Nation’s belief of strict segregation with the integrative efforts of the Civil Rights Movement that Cassius Clay claimed the heavyweight crown by defeating Sonny Liston in February, 1964. Another of Elijah Muhammad’s followers, Malcolm X, is an early adviser to Ali, but X later becomes disenchanted with Elijah while Ali remains faithful to the Nation’s leader. 

In early 1965, after Malcom X had severed ties with the Nation of Islam, he was assassinated by the group’s members in New York’s Audubon Ballroom. It is during this period of religious in-fighting within the Nation of Islam and increased resistance to the Vietnam War that Ali is drafted into the army.

His resistance to the draft became a lightning rod for racism, as well as some genuine resentment over what appeared to be preferential treatment from the government due to his celebrity status. Bingham and Wallace do a worthy job revealing that Ali may have received special treatment after being drafted, but it was hardly of the preferential variety.

Others saw Ali’s resistance as evolving, but strongly premised on objections to fighting a war for a country that openly treated African-Americans as second class citizens. Critical to Ali's defense when brought to trial for resisting the draft was his developing opposition to all wars as a follower of Islam, and not specifically to fighting in Vietnam.

The authors firmly back the Champ as a man of genuine conviction, and to their credit they do so while telling the story with a largely even hand. They rightfully question Elijah Muhammad and the extent to which the Nation of Islam, along with a throng of other handlers, plundered the young Ali of millions in prize money. Malcolm X is, on the balance, presented as a man of significantly sturdier moral conviction than Elijah.

The book in the end does a fine job sifting through the witches' brew of issues surrounding Ali’s resistance: civil rights, war resistance, and religious freedom, among others. What are the defining characteristics of a religion that make it legitimate? The authors, without digressing from the book's tight chronological narrative, pose the question. And despite substantiating Ali's religious convictions as genuine don't shy away from revealing some of the more arcane beliefs of the Nation of Islam when it was founded.

The events in the book are distant enough that younger readers may not know the outcome of Ali’s case, which ultimately made it to the Supreme Court. Rather than convey it here, those with an interest would do well to pick up a copy of Wallace & Bingham's book. - TF

Tuesday, October 1, 2013

Finding Fleming

Peter Fleming and John McEnroe (Photo /

To call the tennis I played a career would be completely mislabeling it, but it was marginally elevated by taking place in something of a tennis hamlet. Our small town of Chatham, NJ produced Peter Fleming, the lanky blonde whose own considerable talent was both enhanced and obscured by that of John McEnroe. Fleming and Mac won four doubles crowns at Wimbledon and three at the U.S. Open in the late 70’s and early 80’s. In all, they landed 57 doubles titles together. 

During his career, Fleming also scored isolated singles victories against Mac and other tennis greats such as Bjorn Borg and John Newcombe.

Around Chatham, there was a distinct Fleming-awareness that drifted down Main Street and diffused across the town’s plentiful tennis courts. In the younger players, Peter instilled a zeal for the put-away winner that bordered on manic. From the same courts upon which we labored, Fleming, all 6’5” of him, had smashed his way to the upper tier of tennis’s elite. If he hit a drop shot en route, word of it never made it back home.
Tennis hamlet or not, we were in northern New Jersey so our town was replete with sweltering humidity, the steady drone of cicadas, and town courts laid bare by the relentless sun searing through hazy summer skies. With flat tennis balls, worn-out Stan Smiths, and the occasional big hitter's groan we’d play match after endless match in the stifling heat.
One summer, when Mac and Fleming were mid-doubles reign, my friend Chris and I played daily at a place called simply Minisink, a swim and tennis club named after a Native American tribe. I suspected some ambitious local Boy Scouts, fresh on the heels of an “Indian-Style” jamboree, somehow snuck the name past the dozing WASP town elders who saw fit to loftily dub Chatham's other small pool The Fish & Game Club.
We would belt all day, relentlessly, and the dead balls would wedge into the fence twenty feet behind the baseline with regularity. We would hit overhead smashes that would go the entire summer without catching the baseline, and we’d spit in disgust as if we had reason to expect otherwise. We would sweat profusely and pursue the same string of big shots: the blistering serve that we could never master, the snapped, low-to-the-net, cross-court forehand that never cleared or never landed, and the passing backhand that rocketed sideways in a flared trajectory towards players on the adjacent court. Lobs were not part of our one-track repertoire.
In a weak moment, drained by summer vacations, Minisink named Chris and me second doubles for a match. We were erratic singles players at best, terrible at worst, and to my recollection never played a set of doubles. We regularly scattered other disgusted club patrons to distant courts under a shower of errant shots when they played in our vicinity. “Sorry” to a nearby player covers three to four mis-hits; after fifteen or twenty it’s as useful as shouting, “Get my ball!” 
A doubles opponent to practice against simply could not be had. So to practice we discussed the technique of Fleming and Mac, and we played ping-pong to sharpen the finesse game we fancied a skilled doubles player possessed.
Finally, match day came, and we showed up on one side of the net and stared poised across the court. Our opponents never arrived. Forfeit, victory to Flynn-Bohner, now 1-0, a tally to hold unchanged for a lifetime. No matter. The club had fronted two tins of new tennis balls, and before they could grab them back I took my spot across the net and the balls flew wildly that afternoon, our first fresh can of the summer. It was August, and the twentieth year for the twenty-year cicadas, and they were a raucous audience, whirring to a roar as we drilled smash after smash.
Between matches in those summers, we would adjourn to a nearby house, and if it were Grand Slam season, we’d scan the dial for the doubles matches. In the pre-sportschannel era, doubles matches were parked in the vacant lots of television coverage or skipped altogether. If you were going to catch a doubles set, you looked early and often.
With enough persistence, the effort would pay off, especially during the fortnight of Wimbledon. Its manicured lawns rendered everything on our ailing TV screen a shade of green, including the players. The tennis whites were overlaid with green shadows, and only Mac’s budding Afro, a cloud of smoggy brown pinned to his head by a straining terry-cloth band, could hold its color. The blonde Fleming, garbed in white, was a hard-hitting extension of the grass.
I remember early one July weekend heading down to a friend’s who lived a convenient 100 yards from the municipal tennis courts. When I got there, he was mid-battle with his father over the need to mow the lawn before playing tennis. I stood with my racquet by the front door, listening to the neighborhood lawnmowers fire up to a crescendo around me and hoping they wouldn’t inspire Mr. Johnson into holding fast. Then, miraculously, onto the living room television screen slowly strode McEnroe and behind him our Fleming. The English roared their approval of the bratty American and his partner.
The argument simply ceased midstream, Dave no longer wishing to play tennis and Mr. Johnson forgetting altogether the encroaching grass or any relationship it had to his son. He stopped talking, crossed his arms, ignored us, and stared at the screen. We stood and watched, and the first hour passed and then a second and then the 1979 Wimbledon crown was won, and part of it belonged to us.
With time, my peers and I drifted ever farther into the back of the local tennis pack. The sport moved to the periphery of our lives as Fleming began to fade from the national scene, and we left our small town for colleges across the East. 
For a brief while, we were stirred again to interest when Colin Dibley, the talented Aussie who once held the world’s fastest serve, moved next door to a close friend of mine. It was a passing fancy, however, as our college diversion by the time of his arrival was Wiffleball, a game in which hitting towering shots is the primary accomplishment and an avoidance of aerobic activity the secondary. Our interaction with Dibley was largely limited to extricating without incident from his yard the errant Wiffleballs that nightly littered it. I’m sure Dibley will never write nostalgically of the period.
My last class of college proved to be a one-credit introductory tennis class. I miscalculated - by one - the credits tally required to graduate, and I needed to take a single-credit class to don the cap and gown. Among a myriad of single-credit PE options, I opted of course for tennis. For a condensed month of sessions I awoke early each morning and hit one big forehand after another and rallied at length with a like-minded student from Ohio. They played unskilled big hitter's tennis outside Cincinnati too, apparently. To my pleasant surprise, I discovered that with a little tutelage I was a much improved player.
Returning home that summer, my last in Chatham, I found that a small circuit pro tennis team had set up shop on the edge of town. The team was an entry in a league headed by Billie Jean King, and our local club featured Tracey Austin, the one-time teen phenom who won the U.S. Open at the precocious age of sixteen. She was in her late twenties now, and like Fleming her tennis star had dimmed considerably. 
Tracey Austin (Photo /
I drove with a high school friend out to the small outdoor court illuminated by the cartoonishly oversized lights brought in for the pro team. We sat in the temporary bleachers, sipped our tepid beer from plastic cups, and watched the incessant rapping of the team’s hitters, the pace a considerable amount slower than that of the power players of the day. All the while, hundreds of moths tapped at the lights above, the court bordering a murky seasonal bog known locally as “the freshet,” and now inundated with its summertime residents. They were a quiet, vaguely adult version of our long ago cicadas.
As we watched, an appreciation for Austin’s ability to maneuver around the court––she was nursing a foot injury at the time––set in. She was undoubtedly still a skilled player, and seeing her set up and polish off shots without any true velocity was in its way an awakening to the many subtleties of the game, including courage. It was uniquely timed with my pending departure from town and ultimately, the tennis of my youth.
In the intervening years between seeing that match and now, I’ve played an increasingly infrequent game much more akin to Austin’s. Age has proven a whole-body replication of Tracey’s foot injury, something to be worked around and pushed through, your shots placed to account for its hobbling effects. Occasionally I still go for the big hit with the same youthful lack of acumen. But going for the kill and slamming it loudly off the back fence, fun though it may be––and it is––smacks of Wiffleball rather than tennis. Done with salt and pepper hair among the mid-40's set, it also smacks of arrested development.

I still like to think Fleming would approve. migrated to

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